BROWN, JOHN


BROWN, JOHN
   1) American slavery abolitionist; settled in Kansas, and resolutely opposed the project of making it a slave state; in the interest of emancipation, with six others, seized on the State armoury at Harper's Ferry in hope of a rising, entrenched himself armed in it, was surrounded, seized, tried, and hanged (1800-1859).
   2) of Haddington, a self-educated Scotch divine, born at Carpow, near Abernethy, Perthshire, son of a poor weaver, left an orphan at 11, became a minister of a Dissenting church in Haddington; a man of considerable learning, and deep piety; author of "Dictionary of the Bible," and "Self-interpreting Bible" (1722-1787).
   3) , M.D., great-grandson of the preceding, born at Biggar, educated in Edinburgh High School and at Edinburgh University, was a pupil of James Syme, the eminent surgeon, and commenced quiet practice in Edinburgh; author of "Horæ Subsecivæ," "Rab and his Friends," "Pet Marjorie," "John Leech," and other works; was a fine and finely-cultured man, much beloved by all who knew him, and by none more than by John Ruskin, who says of him, he was "the best and truest friend of all my life.... Nothing can tell the loss to me in his death, nor the grief to how many greater souls than mine that had been possessed in patience through his love" (1810-1882).
   4) , M.D., founder of the Brunonian system of medicine, born at Bunkle, Berwickshire; reduced diseases into two classes, those resulting from redundancy of excitation, and those due to deficiency of excitation; author of "Elements of Medicine" and "Observations on the Old and New Systems of Physic" (1735-1788).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brown,John — Brown, John. 1800 1859. American abolitionist. In 1859 Brown and 21 followers captured the U.S. arsenal at Harper s Ferry as part of an effort to liberate Southern slaves. His group was defeated, and Brown was hanged after a trial in which he won …   Universalium

  • Brown, John —    John Brown, assistant director of the Scottish Film Council from 1970 to 1989, is a Scottish screenwriter and critic who produced several television series, including The Justice Game. Brown wrote a chapter on STANLEY KUBRICK entitled “The… …   The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick

  • Brown, John — (1800–59)    Rebel.    Brown was a native of Connecticut. From 1854, he became convinced that he was divinely appointed to lead the campaign against slavery in the Union. Although he was probably mentally unbalanced, he organised a guerrilla… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Brown, John — I born 1735, Buncle, Berwickshire, Scot. died Oct. 17, 1788, London, Eng. British physician. He propounded the excitability theory published in Elementa medicinae (1780), which classified diseases as over or understimulating and held that… …   Universalium

  • Brown, John — ► (1800? 59) Abolicionista estadounidense. Fue considerado un mártir. * * * I (1735, Buncle, Berwickshire, Escocia–17 oct. 1788, Londres, Inglaterra). Médico británico. Propuso la teoría de la excitabilidad, publicándola en Elementa medicinae… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brown, John Robert — ▪ 1994       U.S. judge (b. Dec. 10, 1909, Funk, Neb. d. Jan. 22, 1993, Houston, Texas), as a federal judge (1955 67) and chief justice (1967 79) of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, played a pivotal role in championing and enforcing …   Universalium

  • Brown, John Gordon — (1827 1896). Brother of George Brown. Born in Scotland. Educated in Edinburgh and New York. In 1844 engaged on the Toronto Globe; in 1851 editor, and in 1880 managing director. In 1882 retired from the Globe; appointed registrar of the Surrogate… …   The makers of Canada

  • Brown, John Mason — (1900 1969)    The eminent drama critic, born in Louisville, Kentucky, studied under George Pierce Baker in the 47 Workshop at Harvard University, where he graduated in 1923. In 1925, Brown became the first string critic for THEATRE ARTS, then… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Brown, John Storrow —    P With Papineau at St. Charles meeting, 1837, 125; preaches rebellion, 126; heads the Patriotes at St. Charles, 128, 133; charged with cowardice, 133; his letter to Dr. Nelson, 133.    Bib.: Christie, History of Lower Canada …   The makers of Canada

  • John Brown (abolitionist) — John Brown Daguerreotype of Brown, ca.1856. Born May 9, 1800(1800 05 09) Torrington, Connecticut Died …   Wikipedia